Bone grafting for dental implants
Bone grafting: what is it?
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that involves adding new bone or a substitute to the jawbone to help repair and support the jaw and teeth. The procedure is done when a patient has lost bone mass in their jaw due to injury, infection, periodontal disease, or tooth loss.
There are several types of bone grafting materials that can be used, including:
- Autografts : This is bone taken from the patient’s own body, most commonly from the hip, tibia or the skull ;
- Allografts : This is bone taken from a cadaver, it’s sterilized and processed before being used ;
- Xenografts : This is bone taken from a different species, usually a cow ;
- Alloplastic : This is a synthetic bone substitute, made of materials such as hydroxyapatite or beta-tricalcium phosphate ;
The bone grafting procedure is typically performed under local or general anesthesia, depending on the extent of the procedure. The surgeon will make an incision in the gums, exposing the jawbone. He will then prepare the area for the bone graft and place the bone graft material into the jawbone. The gums are then sutured closed. After the bone grafting procedure, the bone will need time to heal and integrate with the patient’s own bone, this process can take several months.
Bone grafting is a common procedure that is done to help repair and support the jaw and teeth. It’s typically done before dental implant placement or other oral surgery. If you have questions about bone grafting, it’s best to consult with an oral surgeon or periodontist to determine if this procedure
Bone grafting price
The price of bone grafting can vary widely depending on the location, the type of bone grafting material used and the experience of the surgeon. The cost can also depend on whether the patient has dental insurance and if the procedure is considered to be a medical or a cosmetic treatment.
The cost of bone grafting can range from several hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. Autografts tend to be the most expensive option, while allografts and xenografts tend to be less expensive. Alloplastic materials are usually the least expensive option.
It’s also important to note that if the bone grafting is done in preparation for a dental implant, the cost of the implant and the abutment will be added to the cost of the bone grafting.
It’s important to note that insurance coverage for bone grafting procedures varies and it’s best to check with your insurance provider to understand your coverage.
It’s also important to consult with a, oral surgeon or periodontist to determine the best option for your specific case and get a detailed cost estimate.
What are the main sources for bone grafting?
The main sources for bone grafting can be grouped into four categories: autografts, allografts, xenografts, and alloplastic materials.
- Autografts : This is bone taken from the patient’s own body. The most common sources of autograft bone are the iliac crest (hip bone), the tibia (shin bone), and the skull. Autograft bone is considered the gold standard for bone grafting due to its high success rate and low risk of rejection or infection ;
- Allografts : This is bone taken from a cadaver. The bone is sterilized and processed before being used. Allograft bone is widely available and can be used in a variety of applications, but there is a small risk of disease transmission and rejection ;
- Xenografts : This is bone taken from a different species, usually a cow. Xenograft bone is widely available and does not carry the risk of disease transmission, but there is a slight risk of rejection or allergic reaction ;
- Alloplastic materials : These are synthetic bone substitutes that are designed to mimic the properties of natural bone. These materials can be made from a variety of materials such as hydroxyapatite or beta-tricalcium phosphate. They are widely used in bone grafting procedures and are considered to be very safe ;
The choice of bone grafting material will depend on the clinical situation, the patient’s medical history and the surgeon’s preference. Autografts are considered the gold standard due to their high success rate and low risk of rejection or infection, but allografts, xenografts, and alloplastic materials can also be used effectively in the right clinical situation.
How does a bone graft from the patient’s own bone work?
A bone graft from the patient’s own bone, also known as an autograft, works by using bone tissue from one area of the patient’s body to promote new bone growth in a different area. This type of bone graft is considered the gold standard for bone grafting because it has a high success rate and a low risk of rejection or infection.
The process of obtaining the bone for the autograft typically involves a separate surgical procedure to harvest the bone. The most common sources of autograft bone are the iliac crest (hip bone), the tibia (shin bone), and the skull.
During the procedure, the surgeon will make an incision in the area where the bone is to be harvested, and then carefully remove a piece of bone. The bone will then be cleaned, shaped and prepared for transplantation.
The bone graft is then placed in the area where bone loss has occurred, and the gums are sutured closed. The bone graft is then left to heal, which can take several months. As the bone graft integrates with the surrounding bone, new bone growth is stimulated and the bone loss is filled in.
After the bone graft has healed, it can then be used to support dental implant placement, a dental bridge, or to repair a jaw fracture.
It is important to discuss with the surgeon about the options available, the expected outcome, the recovery period and the costs involved. And also, it’s important for the patient to follow the post-operative instructions strictly to ensure the success of the procedure.
Follow-up and preparation for the dental implant after a bone graft
After a bone graft procedure, it’s important to follow a strict post-operative care regimen to ensure proper healing and integration of the bone graft. The healing time can vary depending on the type of bone graft, the location of the bone loss, and the patient’s overall health.
The first step in the follow-up process is to schedule regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon to monitor the healing progress. The surgeon will take x-rays to check the bone density and the integration of the bone graft.
It is important to follow the post-operative instructions provided by the surgeon, which may include:
- Avoiding smoking and alcohol ;
- Strict oral hygiene practices to keep the area clean ;
- Avoiding hard or crunchy foods ;
- Taking any prescribed medications as directed ;
- Avoiding strenuous activities or exercise ;
- Keeping the surgical area clean and dry ;
It’s also important for the patient to manage any pain or discomfort as directed by the surgeon.
After the bone graft has healed and the bone has been regenerated, the patient will be ready for the next step, which is the placement of the dental implant. The implant placement is typically done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist. The implant is placed into the grafted area and given time to fuse with the surrounding bone, this process is called osseointegration. Once the implant is stable, an abutment and the final restoration are placed.
It’s important to remember that the success of the implant placement depends on the quality of the bone and the healing of the bone graft, so it’s crucial to follow the post-operative instructions strictly and to attend all the follow-up appointments as scheduled.